Burden of Arthropod-borne viruses (Arboviruses) increasing constantly in
recent years causing health problem worldwide. Also in Europe these viruses
were increasingly reported, with relevant health problems, like the Chikungunya
epidemic in Italy in 2007, with about 200 human cases.
The surveillance of those viruses could be achieved by surveillance on
arthropod vectors. Entomological surveillance can highlight the circulation of
a virus early in the season and providing quantifiable information on intensity
of virus transmission by data on mosquito infection rates, and consequently
providing information on potential risk to humans and animals. Field data
confirmed that, if mosquito trapping effort is intensive, detection of
Arbovirus in mosquitoes precede appearance of animal and human cases.
The Biobank gives the
opportunity to conserve sampled arthropods after analysis for future research
works. Particularly these samples could be useful to study the population
genetic of collected mosquitoes, or detect further viruses and discovering new
ones possibly present in the samples. Moreover the Biobank will form over the
years an historical archive over the years, able to give feedback to the
presence of pathogens on the surveyed territory.
Sampled arthropods are
identified according to adequate morphological keys and place, day and number
of specimens per pool recorded. Applied PCRs on collected pools are recorded.
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